بررسی و مقایسه ریزغده زایی رقم های زودرس و دیررس گیاه سیب زمینی- …

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Abstract:
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is one of the most important nutrients crop after wheat, rice and maize therefore, is the world’s fourth main product. Potato crop due to vegetative propagation is susceptible to contamination by bacteria, fungi, viruses and viroid. Integrated pathogens transmitted to the next generation of vegetative growth. In recent years, potato seed tuber production system by in vitro culture are designed and operated. Tissue culture methods can rapidly multiply and provide massive amounts of healthy and free pathogens seed tubers in short time. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of growth hormone regulator on in vitro potato plantlets and microtuberization production in order to increase the number of microtuber. The effect of PGR treatments applied by 14 independent experiments on Savalan, Sante, Agria and Markies cultivars. The effects of 2iP, BAP, CCC, GA3, Picholoram, NAA and hormone-free medium were studied on plantlet growth and microtuberization. Next step the effect of desirable concentrations hormone and their interactions on seedling growth and microtuberization production were studied by using response surface method in MS medium. According to the results concentration of 1.19 mg.l-1 GA3 and 0.60 mg.l-1 NAA for Savalan cultivar, concentration of 1.20 mg.l-1 GA3 and 0.60 mg.l-1 NAA for Santé and Agria cultivars, concentration of 0.60 mg.l-1 NAA for Markies cultivar elevated production of plantlets. The results showed for microtuber production the best result were observed in, 1000 mg.l-1 of CCC and for Agria cultivar concentration of 999.95 mg.l-1 CCC. The results demonstrated maximum growth was achieved in Savalan cultvar. Sante cultivars produced maximum amount of microtuber. Mrakies cultivars produced The largest microtubers.
Keywords: Potato, Plantlets, Microtuber, Tissue culture and Hormones.
Islamic Azad University
Damghan Branch
Faculty of Agriculture
A Thesis Submitted in partial Fullfillment of the requirement For
The Degree of M.sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology
Title
Study and comparison of in-vitro microtuberization in early- and late-maturity cultivars of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)
Supervisor
Dr. Majid Masoumian
Advisor
Dr. Hossien Afshari
By
Ehsan Enayat Manesh
October 2013

  1. . Spooner ↑
  2. . FAO ↑
  3. . Bowen ↑
  4. . Tovar ↑
  5. . Siddiqui ↑
  6. . Struik ↑
  7. . In vitro ↑
  8. . Beukema ↑
  9. . Zagg ↑